PX -- (See Military).
Pacific International Livestock Exposition -- This Exposition took place in the state of Washington. Several matchcovers were issued.
Packet Label -- Paper label that goes on the outside of a package of matches to show the contents.
Pageant of America -- An Exposition that took place in the Black Hills of South Dakota in 1935. This Exposition issued an eight-matchcover set.
Pageant Match Inc. -- An old, defunct match company that was located in San Francisco, CA.
Pages -- A pre-cut album page especially made for holding matchcovers. Popular sizes include 20-stick, 30-stick, 40-stick, and Midgets. (See Album, Beach, Hobbymaster).
Palmer, Lloyd C. -- First collector to make a comprehensive listing of Pre-War U.S. Navy ships. He was a civil engineer who died in 1952.
Palmer Match Co. -- An old, defunct match company located in Akron, OH, which began operations in 1922.
Pan-Am New Zealand Movie Set -- A set of 50 matchcovers, which were released in 1977 and sold in New Zealand. Profits from the sale went to local charities. The inside matchcover featured the Pan-Am advertising and some were distributed on board Pan-Am flights. Each matchcover depicted a first run movie that was shown in-flight aboard Pan-Am airplanes.
Pan-Am Sets -- A series of at least 15 colorful sets issued in the 1950s and 1960s by the Pan American airline company.
Pana Match Corp. -- An old, defunct match company that was located in New York City, NY.
Panamanian Fosfora el Gallo -- A Central American match book manumark from Panama.
Pane -- Another term for a single match stick. (See Match Stick).
Panel -- Referring to the outside of the matchcover, (i.e., the "front panel" and "back panel"). (See Front, Back).
Panorama -- Two or more matchcovers, which, when brought together side by side, form parts of a bigger picture. (See Jig-Saw Sets, Contact-Sets).
Parks and Recreation -- A matchcover category that includes state and national park and recreation facilities. (See Recreational Facilities).
Parlor Match -- First made in 1857, this match type used paraffin instead of sulphur in order not to cause an odor in the family parlor. Taken off the market in 1912. A mid-size stick match (between a kitchen and fireplace match), used primarily to light kerosene or gas lamps. Produced during the time when match heads were relatively unstable, they were known to "pop" off the stick and shoot across the room.
Passenger Lines -- (See Ship Lines).
Patented Sept. 27, 1892 -- One of the earliest manumarks known. Later versions had a second and third line that read: (Licensed Match)/The Diamond Match Co. NY.
Patriotic -- A matchcover category whose message portrays any number of scenes, wording, phrases, designs, or places compatible with American patriotism. This category does not include Military. World War II patriotics is a sub-category.
Pats -- A short form of "Patriotic" as applied to matchcovers within the hobby.
Pearltone -- A Superior Match Co. trademark whose matchcover surface appears to have a textured, rib-like linen finish with horizontal striations across the matchcover.
Pennsylvania Match Co. -- An old, defunct match company located in Bellefonte, PA. This was one of the nine companies that merged to form Federal Match Co. in 1923. The factory was closed in 1947.
Perfect "36" -- A Diamond Match Co. trademark whose match books contained 36 match sticks and measured about 4 3/8 in. by 2 1/2 in. This matchcover type was designed to replace Diamond's double-size match book of 40 matches. It was introduced in 1948 and manufactured until 1952. Over 600 varieties are known.
Peripheral -- Any non-matchcover item related to this hobby. Examples include shipping cases, match bins, match ashtrays, and other general hardware. (See Match Book Holders, Match Safes).
Perkins Americana -- A series of 1950's and 1960's sets, sponsored by Edgar A. Perkins, Washington D.C., depicting historical American cities, places and events. The matchcovers were 20-stick only and most came in sets of five colors each. Matchcovers show an American Indian and the word "Americana" with advertising on the front and a historical sketch on the back. Perkins chose county seats as city locations. They were first introduced in 1957 in conjunction with the Jamestown Festival. (See Americana).
Personalities -- A matchcover category whose message or advertisement is; 1. The personal matchcover of a well known personality (i.e., Paul Whiteman's personal matchcover), or 2. Matchcovers issued by businesses, services or products owned by celebrities or known personalities (i.e., Lew Tendler's Steak House or Guy Lombardo's Port-O'-Call Hotel), or 3. Matchcovers issued while famous personalities are performing at noted establishments (i.e., Chez Paree presents Julius La Rosa or Johnson's Wax presents The Red Skelton Show). (See VIP).
Personality Products -- A European match book manumark from England (Made in Japan).
Personalized -- Matchcovers that have been imprinted with a person's name. (See Personal).
Personal -- Any or all matchcovers that are made for special occasions (i.e., weddings, bar mitzvah, graduations, etc.) and include the name of the person(s).
Petite -- A type of small matchbox. (See Boxes).
Petty, George -- An early American girlie artist who is credited with producing a total of eight girlie sets. He was a featured artist at Esquire Magazine and won international acclamation with his picture of Miss Chicago for the 1933 Chicago World's Fair. He also designed calendars and playing cards. (See Girlies).
Petty Girls -- Five sets of girlie matchcovers issued by the Superior Match Co. between 1948 and 1951. The artist was George Petty. (See Girlies).
Philippine Match Co. -- A Asian match book manumark from the Philippines. (See PHIMCO).
Phillumenist -- The generally accepted, but nonspecific, term for matchcover collectors. This word literally means "fire lover," which most matchcover collectors are not.
Phillumeny -- The art and hobby of matchcover collecting. (See Phillumenist).
PHIMCO -- An abbreviation for Philippine Match Co.
Phosphorus -- White phosphorus fumes in match factories caused a large number of deaths due to phosphorus necrosis (phossy-jaw). Poisonous white phosphorus was replaced by non-poisonous yellow phosphorus around 1911-1912. William Fairburn, then president of Diamond Match Co, gave this gift to the American matchcover industry.
Photo Color -- A Maryland Match Corp. trademark that has a real, full-color photo as part of the design. (See Photographic).
Photographic -- Matchcover imprints & advertising that are, or contain in part, a real photographic image. Both black & white photos, and color photos, are collected. (See Matchorama, Real Photo).
Picked -- A collection of matchcovers that has been looked over or gone through by previous collectors for the purpose of buying only those matchcovers from the collection that are needed or valuable. This generally lessens the overall collection value of the remaining matchcovers. Picked collections are usually easy to spot.
Piggyback -- A slang expression used to describe Sticky Backs. The name used by some companies in marketing their version of the Sticky Back. (See Sticky Back).
Pillboxes -- Cylindrical boxes used for holding wax Vesta matches in the late 1800s and early 1900s. They were very popular in Australia and New Zealand.
Pillow -- Smaller version of a Pouch that contains about 15 matchsticks. (See Pouch).
Pixlite Book Matches -- An old, defunct match company manumark used by the Albert Pick Co., Chicago, IL.
Plastic Match Boxes -- First produced in Germany in 1964.
Playboy Clubs -- A matchcover category whose advertisement mentions various Playboy Club locations. At least eight sets have been made since their introduction in 1961, as well as several single issues.
Playgirls -- Generally referred to as the series of girlie matchcovers issued by the Superior Match Corp. in the 1970s. In 1983, Superior made available single poses instead of sets and called them Playgirl Halftones.
Playgirl Halftones -- Single girlies made by Superior Match Corp. in the early 1980s. (See Playgirls).
Please Strike on Back/for Safety's Sake -- (See SOB Warnings).
Plyfiber Match Co. -- A match book manumark from Australia. The company ceased production in mid-1962.
Pocketbox -- A Diamond Match Co. trademark for one style of its matchboxes. Introduced in 1959, there are over 9,800 reported varieties. The box measures 2 in. X 4 in. when opened and flattened.
Pocketbox Slim -- A Diamond Match Co. trademark for one style of its matchboxes that is slimmer than the standard Diamond matchbox. Introduced in 1980, this box measures 2 in. X 3.5 in. when opened and flattened. Over 5,000 varieties have been reported.
Pocket Wallet -- Produced by Lion Match Co. in the early 1920s, this match book resembled a regular size matchcover but had two flaps of cardboard that folded inward and were stapled together. This formed a "pouch" which contained loose wooden stick matches.
Political -- A matchcover category whose advertisement or message mentions the current status of a political candidate or the candidacy of a potential office holder. Generally broken down into 1. Local Political (i.e., Mayor, Examiner, School Council, Registrar, Dog Catcher) (also known as Minor political), and 2. National Political (i.e., The President, Congressional and Senatorial Seats, etc.). (Also known as Major political) Both campaigns, politicians, and incumbents are considered part of this category and a real photo matchcover is preferred. (See Presidential).
Polychrome -- A 12-stick design offered with black printing on one of five background colors.
Polychrome Assortment -- Offered by Maryland Match Co. in five colors and printed in black ink.
Pop-Ups -- Another name for Display Matchcovers. (Also spelled Pop Up).
Portland Star Match Corp. -- An old, defunct match company that was founded in 1866. In 1890, it was the second largest match company in New England. In 1870, it was credited with having built the first "fire-proof" factory out of brick, with a tin roof and concrete floors. Portland Star was purchased by The Diamond Match Co. of NY, in 1908, and the "instantaneous blaze match" soon put it out of business.
Portuguese Comedian Sets -- Three sets of matchcovers totaling 228 pieces.
Portuguese Comedian Set (First Set) -- This 1971 set contains a total of 96 matchcovers, the backgrounds of which are: 24 in pink, 24 in white, 24 in yellow and 24 in blue. The edges are black and the matchcover has a single striker. The manumark says Fosforeira Portugesa Esphino and this set advertises Portuguese overseas colonies, Angola and Mocambique. (See Single Striker).
Portuguese Comedian Set (Second Set) -- This 1971 set contains a total of 48 matchcovers, the backgrounds of which are: 24 in pink and 24 in blue. The edges are blue and the matchcover has a double striker. The manumark says Fosforeira Portugesa Esphino and this set advertises Portuguese overseas colonies, Angola and Mocambique. (See Double
Portuguese Comedian Set (Second Set, variation) -- This 1971 set contains a total of 12 matchcovers, with a black bar beneath the second striker. The edges are blue and the matchcover has a double striker. The manumark says Fosforeira Portugesa Esphino and this set advertises Portuguese overseas colonies, Angola and Mocambique. (See Double Striker).
Portuguese Comedian Set (Third Set) -- This 1972 set contains a total of 72 matchcovers, 24 have a red edge on a blue background, 24 have a blue edge on a yellow background and 24 have a red edge on a white background. The manumark says Fosforeira Portugesa Esphino and this set advertises "Districts" with descriptions on the back panel.
Poster -- A Lion Match Co. trademark whose matchcovers were about as wide as a postcard. The matchcover measured 9 in. long by 6 in. wide when spread out. It was introduced in 1956, and apparently not widely accepted, as only a few types are known.
Post War Ships -- A matchcover category whose theme is U.S. Navy ships that were issued after World War II. Generally, ships that were commissioned after August 1945. (See Navy Ships).
Pouch -- Flat match container open at both ends that holds about 24 match sticks. The striker is located on the outside of the sliding center portion that contains the matches. (See Pillow).
Pre-Cut Pages -- Any or all slotted album pages used for mounting matchcovers. (See Album, Pages, Beach, Hobbymaster).
Premier Match Co. Ltd. -- A match company located in Montreal, Que, Canada that commenced operations in 1946.
Premier Match Co. Canadian Girls Series -- Two sets of girlie matchcovers manufactured by the Premier Match Co. of Canada, and were produced in 1951 and 1952.
Presidential -- A matchcover category whose message pertains to U.S.
Presidents. Over 500 known varieties. (See Political).
Presentation Boxes -- Any or all of the category of boxes that is highly decorated and possibly used for special occasions. (See Boxes).
Press -- 1. Methods of flattening matchcovers after the matches have been removed. 2. Referring to the device used to hold matchcovers in place when flattening them.
Press-Back -- (See Sticky Back).
Pre-War Ships -- A matchcover category whose theme is U.S. Navy ships that were issued before World War II. Generally, any ship commissioned before December 7, 1941. (See Navy Ships).
Printed Stick -- Standard width match sticks that have words or designs on each stick or across all the sticks (not to be confused with Features). (See Feature).
Private Schools -- (See Colleges).
Productos Parafinados, S.A. -- A Central American matchcover manumark from Guatemala.
Professional Sports -- (See Sports).
Progress Cal. Co. -- An old, defunct printing or advertising specialty company located in San Antonio, TX, which specialized in printing match books.
Proprietary Schools -- (See Commercial Colleges).
Prudential Art Cal. -- An old, defunct printing or advertising specialty company located in Chicago, IL, which specialized in printing match books.
Publifosforos Madrid -- A European match book manumark from Spain.
Publix Printing Corp. -- An old, defunct printing company located in Oakland, CA, and Chicago, IL, which specialized in printing match books.
Pullmatches -- These matches are flat cardboard stems that ignite by being pulled between two pieces of cardboard that make up the booklet. Refills for this unusual match came in round (2 7/8 in. diameter) spools of Pullmatches, frequently with an advertisement (i.e., Standard Radio, Jerry King and Milt Blink). Their motto -- "Keep Pulling for Us." (See American Pullmatch Co.).
Pullquick -- A Diamond Match Co. trademark whose containers used a hidden ignition striker strip to ignite the round wooden match stick as it was quickly pulled from the container. Dimensions were 1 7/8 in. X 2 in. X 1/4 in. Popular in the 1930s and 1940s, they were also referred to as "Pull Quickies."
Pusey, Joshua -- Originally from Lima, PA, Pusey received Patent Number 483166 on Sept. 27, 1892, for "the object of this invention is to provide a friction match device, which shall be cheap, readily made, convenient to use and efficient, and which may be safely carried in the pocket." He sold his patent to The Diamond Match Co. for around $4,000, and remained on The Diamond Match Co. payroll until his death. He was 64 years old.
©2001 Photography Unlimited of North Carolina
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